Physician Guide to Locum Tenens Jobs in Illinois

Imagine for a moment that you are stuck in traffic on your way to work, bored of the same monotonous routine, and looking to experience new scenery and culture. Then, your phone vibrates. It’s your Barton recruiter with the answer. They share a new listing with great pay, your dream schedule, and it will start at a time that fits your current life. The only problem is that it is in Illinois which you know very little about. That’s where Barton comes in!

What You Need to Know About Illinois as a Locum Tenens Physician?

Our recruiters and staffing specialists do not expect you, the provider, to know ins-and-outs of every state in the country. To help you make an informed decision, we’ve compiled information from TripAdvisor, state government pages, and tourist information sources to give you a glimpse into life in Illinois.

Click here for open physician jobs in Illinois!

Illinois: A Brief History

Illinois, known as “The Prairie State,” has a rich history dating back thousands of years. The land was home to Native American tribes, including the Miami and the Illiniwek, before the arrival of European explorers. In 1673, French explorers Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet were the first Europeans to reach the area. After various colonial transitions, Illinois became the 21st state of the United States in 1818.

Illinois is home to the historic city of Chicago. The Great Chicago Fire of 1871 led to the city’s reconstruction, transforming it into a modern metropolis with the world’s first skyscrapers. The state’s name is derived from the Native American tribe that inhabited the region, and its nickname, “The Prairie State,” reflects its once vast prairie grasslands. Illinois offers a blend of history, nature, and fun activities, making it an exciting place to live and work

What is there to do and see in Illinois?

  • Discover the city of Chicago and enjoy the beautiful skyline, delicious food like deep dish pizza, Chicago style hotdogs, endless entertainment, and stunning location right on Lake Michigan. 
  • Explore the Shawnee Hills region in southern Illinois with its higher elevations, rivers, and forests. Observe diverse wildlife such as black bears, bobcats, white-tailed deer, and the state bird, the northern cardinal.
  • Visit the Illinois Route 66 Hall of Fame and Museum to delve into the history of the iconic Route 66.
  • Visit Abraham Lincoln’s home and tomb in Springfield, Illinois, and learn more about the life of the 16th president of the United States.

How close is Illinois to other cities and states?

  • Chicago, Illinois to Indianapolis, Indiana: Approximately 185 miles; around 3 to 3.5 hours by car.
  • Chicago, Illinois to St. Louis, Missouri: Roughly 300 miles; about 4.5 to 5 hours by car.
  • Chicago, Illinois to Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Around 90 miles; approximately 1.5 to 2 hours by car.
  • Chicago, Illinois to Detroit, Michigan: About 280 miles; approximately 4 to 4.5 hours by car.
  • Chicago, Illinois to Minneapolis, Minnesota: Approximately 410 miles; around 6 to 7 hours by car.

Physician Scope of Practice In Illinois

What is the Scope of Practice for Physicians in Illinois?

In the state of Illinois, physicians enjoy full practice authority, granting them the autonomy to diagnose, treat, and manage the healthcare needs of their patients without the need for direct supervision from another healthcare professional. This enables physicians to provide comprehensive medical care, make independent clinical decisions, prescribe medications, and order and interpret diagnostic tests.

Can Physicians Sign Death Certificates in Illinois?

Yes, physicians are authorized to sign death certificates in Illinois. They determine and certify the cause of death based on a physical examination and medical records, and sign the death certificate attesting to the information’s accuracy. Physicians must file the death certificate with the local registrar within a specified timeframe. The accuracy of the information on the death certificate is crucial for various legal and administrative purposes. Physicians also collaborate with other healthcare professionals when necessary.

Does Illinois Recognize Physicians as Primary Care Providers? 

Illinois recognizes the importance of physicians and enacts laws and codes to ensure quality healthcare. The Medical Practice Act and various administrative codes are used to ensure compliance and maintain the integrity of medical care. 

Can Physicians Prescribe Schedule II Drugs in Illinois?

In Illinois, physicians are legally authorized to prescribe schedule II drugs to patients following the regulations of the Illinois Medical Practice Act. A prescription typically requires a physical examination and a diagnosis of a medical condition warranting medication. Physicians cannot prescribe controlled substances or medications for patients who are not their own and must monitor a patient’s progress and inform them of medication risks and benefits.

Do Physicians Qualify for Medical Staff Membership in Illinois?

Physicians in Illinois must possess a valid medical license and maintain good standing with the state medical board to join hospital medical staffs. The application process may involve submitting an application, providing documentation, and undergoing an interview. Joining a hospital medical staff offers physicians benefits such as practicing in a collaborative environment, accessing hospital resources, and participating in research and education activities. It is important for patient safety and quality of care as medical staff members are subject to ongoing performance monitoring and peer review.

Can Physicians Order Physical Therapy in Illinois?

In Illinois, physicians hold the authority to order physical therapy for patients without needing a referral from another healthcare professional. This aligns with the state’s Physical Therapy Practice Act, which recognizes physical therapists as autonomous practitioners capable of assessing patients, developing treatment plans, and providing care independently. The benefits include timely care access, allowing physicians to focus on medical care while physical therapists handle rehabilitation, and facilitating comprehensive care that addresses both medical and rehabilitation needs. The Illinois Physical Therapy Practice Act promotes the crucial role of physical therapists in the healthcare system and ensures high-quality patient care.

Can Physicians Sign Handicap Parking Permit Forms in Illinois?

In Illinois, physicians have the authority to certify disability for parking placards. This process ensures that individuals with qualifying disabilities have accessible parking accommodations. Physicians assess the individual’s mobility limitations and issue a signed certification if they meet the eligibility criteria. To obtain a disability parking placard, individuals submit an application with the physician’s certification to the Secretary of State’s office. Disability parking placards provide dedicated parking spaces closer to building entrances, enhancing accessibility and promoting independence in daily activities. This authorization supports individuals with genuine disabilities in navigating public spaces more easily.

Can Physicians Sign POLST/POST/MOLST/MOST/COLST Forms in Illinois? 

In Illinois, physicians are authorized to sign Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) forms, a legal document used to communicate end-of-life treatment preferences. The POLST Act governs this process, ensuring that individuals’ wishes are respected, even if they cannot communicate them during a medical emergency. Physicians are responsible for discussing the form with patients, ensuring comprehension and proper completion, and filing it in the patient’s medical record. The POLST form serves as a valuable tool for ensuring that a person’s end-of-life wishes are honored.

Can Physicians Sign Do Not Resuscitate Orders in Illinois?

In Illinois, physicians have the legal authority to sign Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) orders. DNR orders instruct healthcare professionals to refrain from performing CPR or other life-sustaining measures in the event of cardiac or respiratory arrest. The goal is to respect the patient’s wishes regarding end-of-life care. Factors such as the patient’s capacity to make informed decisions and their right to autonomy are considered before signing a DNR order. Patients with a DNR order continue to receive comfort care measures, such as pain management and symptom management. DNR orders are specific to the patient and the healthcare setting and are not transferable between different facilities or providers. In Illinois, the DNR order is a legal document that protects the patient’s rights and ensures their wishes are honored.

What are the Continuing Education Requirements for Physicians in Illinois?

In Illinois, licensed physicians must engage in continuous professional development through continuing medical education (CME) to maintain licensure. The requirement aims to ensure that healthcare professionals stay up-to-date with medical advancements, leading to improved patient care. CME credits can be obtained through accredited conferences, workshops, online courses, and self-directed learning. The CME requirement is crucial for ensuring physicians’ currency in the evolving field of medicine, allowing them to provide high-quality care and improve patient outcomes.

Find Your Next Physician Job with Barton

Barton coordinates your job search from start to finish!



We’ll schedule a phone consultation with a Barton Associates team member to discuss your interests, goals, and work history in order to get a sense of what you’re looking for in your next job.

Your Barton team will then go to work, compiling a list of open jobs in our extensive network that match your interests and skill set.



Once you’ve had a chance to evaluate your list of opportunities, your Barton rep will submit your information to facility you want to take an assignment at.

If there’s a match, we’ll work with the client manager on next steps.



Don’t worry! Barton Associates will handle licensing, credentialing, and travel arrangements before you arrive.

Your Barton rep will also work with your new facility to ensure you’re set up and ready to go on day one.


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